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Ficus Trees and the Five Most Common Types They Come In

Figs, also called Ficus, are Asian species of flowering plants that are also indigenous to some parts of the Middle East. It is considered culturally as well as religiously important in areas in which it is grown.

The genus, Ficus, has about 850 species, but the following are the five most common:Under the genus, Ficus, are some 850 species, and below are five of the most common:The genus, Ficus, has at least 850 known species, the following being the five most common:

Ficus benjamina

There is probably no fig tree more famous than Ficus benjamina, which is characterized by generally dark colors and a sometimes flawed look. Although it grows quite fast in well-lit areas, the tree still thrives with minimal water and light, even growing as tall as 4 meters. Ficus benjamina trees are called weeping trees as well because they often shed their leaves when moved to a different position, especially in a disadvantageous habitat.

Ficus lyrata

This Ficus tree variant is trendy in its own right and is often used for ornamental purposes. Sometimes called the the fiddle leaf or the banjo fig tree, this small one grows best in bright regions. It continues to grow provided it is not in direct sunlight, otherwise, its leaves may burn.

Ficus elastica

Here is something people may find odd: Ficus elastica is a rubber tree while still being considered a fig tree specie. This Ficus tree is actually a mix of various types of Ficus trees that originated from an Asian tropical forest. The F. elastica normally grows as high as 40 meters and have big, polished leaves that have the same blotchy appearance of F. banjamina.

Ficus microcarpa

Also referred to as Ficus ginseng, the F. microcarpa is not really a tree or shrub but a twisting aerial root from which leaves sprout. This plant can have a height anywhere between 16 inches and 3 feet, and looks like a bonsai. It belongs to this company of figs that are used chiefly for decorative purposes, just like F. lyrata. It grows best in temperatures of 12 to 15 degrees Celsius during wintertime and in shady places when it’s summer.

Ficus congesta

Ficus congesta, otherwise known as the cluster fig trees, are indigenous to the Philippines and Indonesia. The fruits this plant, as you one can tell from its name, grows in clusters both on the tree’s branches and on its trunk. Their leaves start out in a curled up position, and once they unfurl, they burst into a myriad of shades of red, which makes the tree look absolutely gorgeous. In any case, they can grow as high as 50 feet in their native areas. Just knowing the five most common types of fig trees should be great to start with.